Menopause is a phase in a woman’s life that occurs when they haven’t been menstruating for about twelve months. This means the woman can’t get pregnant in a natural way, it generally happens to those in the age range of 45 to 55; before and after this age, a woman can have a baby.
During menopause, a woman has to experience a myriad of uncomfortable symptoms, these include hot flashes and sudden weight gain. For the majority of women, they don’t need to undergo any medical treatment or take medicines to cure this problem.
The symptoms of menopause are experienced at least four years before you get your last period, and the discomfort related to this woman’s condition is felt even four years post the final period.
However, some still are troubled with these symptoms up to a decade.
One in every twelve women has menopause symptoms for 12 years after the last period.
51 is the average age menopause, while it is two years earlier for African-American and Latina women.
There are a variety of factors that suggest you soon be having the menopause, these include genetics and ovary health. Before the menopause, there are hormonal changes in a woman’s life, which is medical terms is known as the perimenopause.
Symptoms of Menopause
The symptoms vary from one individual to another, and generally, it is quite unique.
The symptoms are quite severe if the menopause happens without any signs or in a short period of time. Further, the severity and duration of the symptoms escalate with several lifestyle changes such as regular smoking and the impact of ovarian health.
Common Symptoms of Menopause are mentioned below: –
- Vaginal Dryness
- Weight Gain
- Difficulty in Concentrating
- Memory Issues
- Sore throat
- And, several other signs.
How The Menopause Can Be Diagnosed?
If you are having troublesome symptoms that suggest you are in your menopause phase or above the age of 45.
A new blood test known as PicoAMH Elisa is today the most trusted, medically approved means to determine whether a woman entered in the phase of menopause or close to it. This method is accredited by the Food and Drug Administration.
This latest test is helpful for those women who have started to develop the symptoms of perimenopause, as this phase too, has adverse effects on one’s health.
The early onset of menopause is linked with heart disease, osteoporosis, vagina changes, mood swings, and cognitive changes.
The doctor may advise you to undergo the blood test that is used to determine the levels of FSH in the body, which is a type of estrogen called estradiol.
The elevated FSH levels in the blood coupled with a lack of menstruation for the last twelve months is a clear-cut red flag that you’ve entered the menopause phase. There are several over-the-counter tests such as CA 125 test kit to confirm menopause. The CA 125 test is performed by drawing blood from the vein, and the results are obtained instantaneously.
Treatment of the Menopause
You only need to follow treatment, in case the symptoms are severe and affecting your quality of life. The hormone therapy is best-suited to those who are under the age of 60 years or within five years into this phase to reduce the symptoms such as hot flashes, osteoporosis, night sweats, and vaginal atrophy.
You can also take separate medicines to treat problems associated with menopause such as hair loss. It is recommended not to take any medications to treat menopause, without the advice of your general physician.