Поплитеалната Fossa

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Popliteal Fossa Pain

Най- подколенен ямички is a jewel formed despondency found back to the knee joint. Съществени нерви и съдове отиват от бедрото на крака чрез кръстосване чрез този ямички и мускулите на бедрото и крака оформят нейните граници. В тази статия ще говорим за анатомичната структура и съдържанието на подколенен ямка, следвана от който и да е важна клинична патология.

Поплитеалната Fossa

 

Тези покрайнини са оформени от мускулите на задната отделение на крака и бедрото:

  1. Superomedial покрайнините - полумембранен.
  2. Superolateral outskirt – бицепс феморис.
  3. Inferomedial покрайнините - средно лидер на гастрокнемиус.
  4. Inferolateral outskirt – parallel leader of the gastrocnemius and plantaris.

 

The popliteal fossa additionally has a story and a rooftop. The floor of the popliteal fossa is shaped by the back surface of the knee joint container, and by the back surface of the femur. The rooftop is made of up two layers; popliteal belt and skin. The popliteal belt is consistent with the sash lata of the leg.

 

The popliteal fossa is the principal channel for neurovascular structures entering and leaving the leg. Its substance is (average to parallel):

  • Popliteal conduit
  • Popliteal vein
  • Tibial nerve
  • Regular fibular nerve

 

The tibial and regular fibular nerves are the shallowest of the substance of the popliteal fossa. They are both branches of the sciatic nerve. The normal fibular nerve takes after the biceps femoris ligament, running along the sidelong edge of the popliteal fossa. The little saphenous vein punctures the popliteal belt of the popliteal fossa to enter the precious stone and discharge into the popliteal vein. In the popliteal fossa, the most profound structure is the popliteal course. It is a continuation of the femoral course and goes into the leg to supply it with blood.

 

Поплитеалната Fossa Pain

Knee torment is more typical in the front, средно аритметично, and horizontal part of the knee than in the back part of the knee. The distinctive judgments for back knee torment incorporate pathology to the bones, musculotendinous structures, сухожилия, as well as to the bursas. Less normal are neurologic and vascular wounds. Additionally tumors, например, a start tumor that contains both bone and ligament and normally happens close to the finish of a long bone (osteochondroma) or hard tumors. The Delicacy of palpation over the ligaments or muscles in the back of the knee can show muscle or ligament damage. Discomfort or swelling in the popliteal territory proposes a radiation or growth.

 

An exact comprehension of knee life structures, the physical examination and of the differential analysis is expected to precisely assess and treat back knee pain.

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