Menopause is a phase in a woman’s life that occurs when they haven’t been menstruating for about twelve months. There are many symptoms of menopause. This means the woman can’t get pregnant in a natural way. It generally happens to those in the age range of 45 to 55. Before and after this age, a woman can have a baby.
During menopause, a woman has to experience a myriad of uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes and sudden weight gain. For the majority of women, they don’t need to undergo any medical treatment or take medicines to cure this problem.
At least four years before you get your last period, you can experience the symptoms of menopause. The discomfort related to this woman’s condition is felt even four years post the final period. However, some women can experience these symptoms up to a decade.
One in every twelve women has menopause symptoms for 12 years after the last period. The average age of menopause is 51, while it is two years earlier for African-American and Latina women.
There are a variety of factors that suggest that you will soon be having menopause. These include genetics and ovary health. Hormonal changes occur in a woman’s life before the menopause. In medical terms, we call it perimenopause.
Symptoms of Menopause
The symptoms vary from one individual to another, and generally, it is quite unique.
The symptoms are quite severe if the menopause happens without any signs or in a short period of time. Further, the severity and duration of the symptoms escalate with several lifestyle changes, such as regular smoking and the impact of ovarian health.
Common Symptoms of Menopause: –
- Vaginal Dryness
- Weight Gain
- Difficulty in Concentrating
- Memory Issues
- Sore throat
- And, several other signs.
How The Menopause Can Be Diagnosed?
If you are having troublesome symptoms, it suggests that you are in your menopause phase or above the age of 45.
A new blood test known as PicoAMH Elisa is the most trusted, medically approved means to determine whether a woman entered the phase of menopause or close to it. This method is accredited by the Food and Drug Administration.
This latest test is helpful for those women who have started to develop the symptoms of perimenopause. This phase too has adverse effects on one’s health.
Heart disease, osteoporosis, vagina changes, mood swings, and cognitive changes are the early signs of menopause.
The doctor may advise you to undergo the blood test to determine the levels of FSH in the body.
The elevated FSH levels in the blood coupled with a lack of menstruation for the last twelve months is a clear-cut red flag that you’ve entered the menopause phase. There are several over-the-counter tests such as CA 125 test kit to confirm menopause. To obtain the instant result the lab technicians draw the blood from the vein to perform the CA 125 test.
Treatment of the Menopause
You only need to follow treatment, in case the symptoms are severe and affecting your quality of life. To reduce the symptoms such as hot flashes, osteoporosis, night sweats, and vaginal atrophy, the best-suited therapy is hormone therapy. It works best for those who are under the age of 60 years or within five years into this phase.
You can also take separate medicines to treat problems associated with menopause such as hair loss. Only a general physician can prescribe you the medication for menopause if recommended.